Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery at the tender age of 18.
Painter Grant Wood (American Gothic) born in Anamosa, Iowa.
Belgian author Georges Simenon born in Liège, Belgium.
Simenon is best known for his fictional detective Jules Maigret.
Controversial Nobel Prize-winning physicist William Shockley, whose work led to the miniaturisation of radio, TV and computer circuits, born in London, England.
Singer Tennessee Ernie Ford (Sixteen Tons) born in Bristol, Tennessee.
Supersonic pilot Chuck Yeager born in Myra, West Virginia.
Actress Kim Novak born in Chicago.
Actor and fell drinker, Oliver Reed (Oliver) born in London.
Actress Carol Lynley born in New York.
Tens of thousands of civilians were killed in the Allied firebombing of Dresden, Germany.
Rock musician Peter Gabriel (Shock the Monkey) born Cobham, England.
XV Winter Olympics open in Calgary, Canada.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Pluviôse 25 Lièvre