Tenochtitlan City in Mexico is founded.
Astronomer William Herschel discovers Uranus, the seventh planet from the sun.
Astronomer Percival Lowell was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
The "People's Will", a nihilist group, assassinate Czar Alexander II near his palace with a bomb thrown at his passing carriage.
Sic semper tyrannis
The Siege of Khartoum begins.
It will last until Khartoum's fall on January 26, 1885.
New Yorker Paris correspondent Janet Flanner, who wrote under the pen Genêt, born in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Author and founder of the Church of Scientology, L. Ron Hubbard born in Tilden, Nebraska.
American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers the planet Pluto at the Lowell Observatory, Arizona.
It was the 'planet X' that had been hypothesised as early as 1905 by Percival Lowell.
Cartoonist Al Jaffee born in Savannah, Georgia.
He created the Fold-In on the back inside cover of Mad Magazine.
Viet Minh forces under Vo Nguyen Giap unleashed a massive artillery barrage on the French military at Dien Bien Phu.
This will be final battle in the First Indochina War.
The Saturday Evening Post publishes the fourth of Norman Rockwell's Four Freedoms - Freedom from Fear
Phoenix, Arizona police arrest Ernesto Miranda and charge him with kidnap and rape.
His conviction is ultimately set aside by the United States Supreme Court in Miranda v. Arizona and leads to the establishment of Miranda Rights.
Kitty Genovese is stabbed to death in Queens, New York.
Winston Mosley rapes & fatally stabs her in three separate attacks occurring over a period of more than half an hour.
Although 38 people witness some or all of the crime, as Genovese cried for help no one called for help until she was already dead.
The UFO phenomenon called the Phoenix lights are seen over Phoenix, Arizona.
Pope Francis is elected 266th Roman Catholic pope.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Ventôse 23 Cochléaria