Claude Chappe unveils a new method of long-distance communication using a semaphore machine in Paris.
The Republic of Texas declared its independence from Mexico.
Poet Sidney Lanier born in Macon, Georgia.
Queen Victoria escapes an assassination attempt by Roderick McLean in Windsor, England.
He had been plying Her Majesty with doggerel which he claimed she curtly responded to.
His response was with a pistol.
Artist Norman Rockwell born in New York.
Pianist and composer Kurt Weill (Three Panny Opera) born in Dessau in Saxony, Germany.
Author Dr. Seuss (The Cat in the Hat) born in Springfield, Massachuetts.
Writer James Michener born in New York.
Cuban band leader Desi Arnaz (I Love Lucy) born Santiago de Cuba.
Poet Edgar Bowers born in Rome Georgia.
He won the Bollingen Prize for poetry in 1989.
Author Tom Wolfe (The Bonfire of the Vanities) born in Richmond, Virginia.
Last President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev born in Privolnoye, Russia.
The film King Kong premières in New York City.
In 1991, it was added by the Library of Congress to the United States National Film Registry.
Singer-songwriter and guitarist Johnny Guitar Watson born in Houston, Texas.
Pope Pius XII is elected 260th Roman Catholic pope.
Author John Irving (The World According to Garp) born in Exeter, New Hampshire.
Rockster Lou Reed born in Brooklyn, New York.
Four Chaplains Day - When the Allied troopship S.S. Dorchester was torpedoed by a German sub and went down with a loss of 600 lives, four chaplains gave up their lifejackets to shipmates, thereby also perishing in the icy waters.
Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist, Rory Gallagher born in Ballyshannon, Ireland.
Singer Karen Carpenter born in New Haven, Connecticut.
Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record for the NBA by scoring 100 points against the New York Knicks.
XI Winter Olympics open in Sapporo, Japan.
Super Bowl XLII - The New York Giants beat the New England Patriots 17 to 14 in at the University of Phoenix stadium in Glendale, AZ.