Spanish painter Francisco Goya born Fuendetodos, Spain.
French poet Paul Verlaine born in Metz, France.
Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh born Zundert, Netherlands.
Irish dramatist and memoirist Seán O'Casey (The Plough and the Stars) born in Dublin, Ireland.
Blues harmonica player and singer, Sonny Boy Williamson Iborn in Jackson, Tennessee.
Detective Comics #27 is released, introducing Batman.
Musician Eric Clapton born Ripley, England.
Jeopardy!, the popular game show created by Merv Griffin, debuts on the NBC television network.
The cover of the Beatles' Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was photographed.
John Hinkley attempts to assassinate Ronald Reagan.