Order of the Illuminati founded by Adam Weishaupt.
Mozart's the opera The Marriage of Figaro is performed for the first time in Vienna, Austria.
The first adhesive postage stamp, called Penny Black, is issued in England.
Queen Victoria opens the Great Exhibition in London.
Frontierswoman and scout Calamity Jane born in Princeton, Missouri.
Portrait painter Cecilia Beaux born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Folies Bergère opens in Paris.
The World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago.
Singer Kate Smith (God Bless America) born in Greenville, Virginia.
Talk show host Jack Paar (The Tonight Show) born in Canton, Ohio.
Writer Joseph Heller of Catch 22 fame, born in Brooklyn, New York.
Novelist/screenwriter Terry Southern (The Magic Christian)born in Alvarado, Texas.
Blues harmonica player Little Walter born in Marksville, Louisiana.
The Empire State Building dedicated in New York City.
Batman debuts in comic books.
Citizen Kane premieres in New York.
Nazi leader Joseph Goebbels poisoned his six children and then gave his last order to an SS officer - shoot him and his wife in the back of the head.
The Soviet flag is raised over the Reich Chancellery, by order of Stalin.
Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane is shot down over the Soviet Union.
The body of British climber George Mallory is found on Mount Everest.
He had been lost while climbing Everest in 1924.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Floréal 12 Sainfoin