The First Battle of Bull Run at Manassas Junction, Virginia, was the first major battle in the American Civil War.
In Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shot Davis Tutt dead in what is regarded as the first quick-draw duel.
At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger gang pulled off the first successful train robbery by robbing the Chicago and Rock Island express.
Writer Ernest Hemingway born in Oak Park, Illinois.
Poet Hart Crane born in Garrettsville, Ohio.
Writer Marshall McLuhan (Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man) born in Edmonton, Canada.
Comic actor Don Knotts (Deputy Barney Fife in the 1960s TV series The Andy Griffith Show) born in Morgantown, West Virginia.
Writer John Gardner (The Sunlight Dialogues) born in Batavia, New York.
Cartoonist Garry Trudeau (Doonesbury) born in New York.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Thermidor 3 Melon