Surveyor and astronomer Jeremiah Dixon born in Cockfield, England.
Famous for determining the Mason-Dixon line.
Assassin of Jean-Paul Marat, Charlotte Corday born in Saint-Saturnin-des-Ligneries, a hamlet in the commune of Écorches (Orne), in Normandy.
Historian Edward Gibbon completes his classic history The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Maximilien de Robespierre becomes the head the Committee of Public Safety, which led to the Reign of Terror in France.
One year later, to the day, he is arrested, and the next day he must face the National Razor in the form of Madame Guillotine.
Writer, orator, poet, sailor, satirist, man of letters, soldier and political activist Hilaire Belloc (Cautionary Tales for Children), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Yvelines, France.
Artist Vincent Van Gogh shoots himself in a wheat field outside Auvers-sur-Oise.
The following night, Van Gogh dies of an infection in the arms of his brother Theo.
New Yorker writer Joseph Mitchell born in Fairmont North Carolina.
XXX Summer Olympics open in London, England.
Photographer William Eggleston born in Memphis, Tennessee.
Singer-songwriter Bobbie Gentry (Ode to Billie Joe) born in Chickasaw County, Mississippi.