In San Francisco, Joshua A. Norton declares himself "Norton I, Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico."
Battle of Antietam bloodiest day of the American Civil War
Poet/physician William Carlos Williams born in Rutherford, New Jersey.
Country singer/songwriter Hank Williams (I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry) born in Butler County, Alabama.
Author Ken Kesey (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest) born in La Junta, Colorado.
Editorial cartoonist Jeff MacNelly born in New York City.
William Golding's first novel, The Lord of the Flies, published.
The Fugitive premiered on ABC-TV.
The XXIV Summer Olympics begin in Seoul, South Korea.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days