Sir Walter Raleigh is executed for a failed expedition to exploit Guiana.
The execution took place at the Tower of London.
Raleigh asked to see the axe that was to be used to behead him & said, "This is a sharp Medicine, but it is a Physician for all Diseases."
Following the custom of the time, his head was embalmed & presented to his wife.
She carried it with her at all times until she died 29 years later at the age of 82.
James Boswell, Samuel Johnson's biographer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Mozart's opera Don Giovanni is performed for the first time in Prague.
Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
Political cartoonist Bill Mauldin born in Mountain Park, New Mexico.
Artist Niki de Saint Phalle born in Paris.
Cartoonist Ralph Bakshi born in Haifa, Palestine.
Journalist and Editor of the New Yorker, David Remnick born in Hackensack, New Jersey.
The Star of India saphire is stolen by a group of thieves (among them "Murph the surf") from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
Guitarist Duane Allman (The Allman Brothers) is killed riding a motorcycle in Macon, Georgia.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Brumaire 8 Scorsonère