The elephant becomes the symbol of the Republican Party when Thomas Nast, a political cartoonist for Harper’s Weekly, created a satirical drawing that has been used ever since to represent the G.O.P.
Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky born in Yanovka, Ukraine.
He came to a rather bad end while exiled in Old Mexico.
The first regular theatre critic for The New Yorker, Herman J. Mankiewicz born on this day in 1897.
He would later be known for his screen writing work in particular his collaboration with Orson Welles on Citizen Kane.
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia.
Existential novelist/playwright Albert Camus (The Stranger) born in Oran, Algeria.
The Russian October Revolution begins with the Bolsheviks storming the Winter Palace.
Evangelist and minister Billy Graham born in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Trumpet player and bandleader Al Hirt born in New Orleans.
The Museum of Modern Art in New York City opens to the public.
A Tacoma Narrows suspension bridge over Puget Sound near Tacoma, Washington, collapses in a strong wind.
Rock star Johnny Rivers born in New York.
Model and actress Jean Shrimpton born in Buckinghamshire, England.
Singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell (Blue) born in Fort Macleod, Alberta, Canada.
Soviet spy Richard Sorge, a half-Russian, half-German World War I veteran, is hanged by his Japanese captors along with 34 of his spy ring.
Richard Nixon tells the press You won't have Nixon to kick around any more. after losing the California governor's race.
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World premiers.
WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provides the world's first internet radio broadcast.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Brumaire 17 Cresson