French prisoner Man in the Iron Mask dies after 34 years of captivity.
Twentieth President of the US, James Garfield born in Orange Township, Ohio.
Julia Ward Howe writes The Battle Hymn of the Republic.
During the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery, president Abraham Lincoln gives his famous Gettysburg Address four months after the battle.
Labor organizer, folk-poet Joe Hill killed by firing squad in Utah.
Actress Gene Tierney (The Ghost & Mrs Muir), born in Brooklyn.
Polish author and painter Bruno Schultz (The Street of Crocodiles) shot in the back of the head by a German SS officer on a street of the Drohobycz ghetto.
The National Review publishes its first issue.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Brumaire 29 Cormier