St. Andrew's Day
Patron saint of Scotland.
Feast day of St Andrew the Apostle.
Brother of Simon Peter and like him a fisherman.
Andrew was the first disciple of Christ.
People used to sign documents with an X if they couldn't sign their name.
Then they would kiss the X and promise by St Andrew, whose cross the X resembled, to abide by their oath.
Over the years, an X on a letter came to mean a kiss.
The Christian ecclesiastical year begins on Advent Sunday which is always the nearest Sunday to St Andrew's day, whether before or after.
Author Jonathan Swift (Gulliver's Travels) born in Dublin, Ireland.
Author Mark Twain, the pen name of Samuel L. Clemens, (Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri.
British statesman Winston Churchill born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England.
Historian Jacques Barzun born in Créteil, France.
Blues singer and guitarist Robert Nighthawk born in Helena, Arkansas
Film director/writer, photographer Gordon Parks born in Fort Scott, Kansas.
Blues performer Brownie McGhee born in Knoxville, Tennesse.
Shirley Chisholm born in Brooklyn, New York.
She was the first African American woman elected to the United States Congress.
The first major-party black candidate for President of the United States.
The first woman to run for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination.
TV's Dick Clark born in Mount Vernon, New York.
Watergate burgular, lawyer and radio host G. Gordon Liddy born in Brooklyn, New York.
Yippie activist Abbie Hoffman born in Worcester, Massachusetts.
The Crystal Palace, originally built to house the Great Exhibition of 1851, is destroyed by fire in Hyde park, London.
Director Ridley Scott (Blade Runner) born in South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England.
Lucille Ball marries Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.
Film director Terrence Malick (Badlands) born in Ottawa, Illinois.
The Wall, a rock opera and concept album by Pink Floyd is released.
Michael Jackson releases his second solo album - Thriller.
Today from Chamber's Book of Days
French Republican Calendar
Frimaire 10 Pioche