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St Hubert's Day - in honor of the patron saint of hunters, mathematicians, opticians, and metalworkers.
King Henry VIII is made head of the Anglican Church, taking over for the pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
British politician, inventor, explorer, John Montague (4th Earl of Sandwich), born.
Supposedly, the sandwich is named for him because he often spent excessive amounts of time gambling and he didn't want to get up from the gambling table, so he told his servants to bring him meat sandwiched in between two slices of bread.
Poet William Cullen Bryant (Thanatopis) born in Cummington, Massachusetts.
122nd Emperor of Japan, Emperor Meiji born in Kyoto Gyoen National Garden, Kyoto, Yamashiro Province, Japan.
Black Bart the PO8 gets away with his last stagecoach robbery.
Author/statesman André Malraux (Man's Fate) born in Paris.
Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Feller born in Van Meter, Iowa.
Actor Jeremy Brett (Sherlock Holmes) born in Berkswell, Warwickshire, England.
Editor and journalist Anna Wintour (Vogue) born in Hampstead, London, England.
The Wizard of Oz is shown on TV for the first time.
Japanese film Godzilla released to universal acclaim.
Artist Henri Matisse dies in Nice, France.
The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2 with the first animal to enter orbit, a stray dog from the streets of Moscow named Laika.
Psychotherapist and author and invenor Wilhelm Reich dies in the United States Penitentiary, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.