The seventh of the O Antiphons used at Vespers during the last seven days of Advent.
French Egyptologist Jean Francois Champollion born.
In 1822 he decoded the hieroglyphics of the Rosetta Stone.
A Visit From St. Nicholas, attributed to Clement Moore, was first published.
Union General Ben Beast Butler was proclaimed a felon, outlaw, and common enemy of mankind by Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
Butler had issued an order that any Southern woman in New Orleans who insulted a Northern soldier was to be treated as a prostitute.
After an argument with painter Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh uses a razor and removes a portion of his left ear.
Their quarrel regarded the prostitutes in Arles.
Poet Robert Bly born in Madison, Minnesota.