O Emmanuel
The seventh of the O Antiphons used at Vespers during the last seven days of Advent.

French Egyptologist Jean Francois Champollion born.
In 1822 he decoded the hieroglyphics of the Rosetta Stone.


A Visit From St. Nicholas, attributed to Clement Moore, was first published.

Union General Ben “Beast” Butler was proclaimed a “felon, outlaw, and common enemy of mankind” by Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
Butler had issued an order that any Southern woman in New Orleans who insulted a Northern soldier was to be treated as a prostitute.


After an argument with painter Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh uses a razor and removes a portion of his left ear.
Their quarrel regarded the prostitutes in Arles.

Poet Robert Bly born in Madison, Minnesota.

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