Charles I of England is beheaded by Oliver Cromwell's Roundheads
The Anglican church celebrates King Charles the Martyr on this day.
Oliver Cromwell is ritually executed two years after his death on the anniversary of the execution of the monarch he himself deposed.
After his body was hanged, Cromwell's head was severed from his body and placed on a wooden spike on a 20-foot pole, and raised above Westminster Hall.
An unsuccessful assassination attempt against President Andrew Jackson was made in the United States Capitol by an insane house painter named Richard Lawrence.
Thirty-Second President of the US, Franklin Delano Roosevelt born in Hyde Park, New York.
Historian and author Barbara W. Tuchman (The Guns of August) born in New York City.
Computer scientist Douglas Engelbart born in Portland, Oregon.
He is best known for his work on human-computer interaction which developed into the computer mouse.
Actor and author Gene Hackman (The Conversation) born in San Bernadino, California.
Author Richard Brautigan (Trout Fishing in America) born in Tacoma, Washington.
Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
This is the beginning of the disastrous Third Reich.
The Wilhelm Gustloff, filled with German refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine.
Approximately 9,500 people were killed becoming deadliest known maritime disaster.
Indian leader and proponent of civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu fanatic Nathuram Godse.
V Winter Olympics open in St Mortiz, Switzerland.
The Tet Offensive begins when forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army mounted surprise attacks throughout South Vietnam.
The Beatles perform an impromptu concert on the roof of Apple Records in London.
Super Bowl XVII - Washington Redskins beat the Miami Dolphins 27-17 in the Rose Bowl in Pasadena.
Super Bowl XXVIII - Dallas Cowboys beat the Buffalo Bills 30-13 in the Georgia Dome in Atlanta.
Super Bowl XXXIV - St. Louis Rams beat the Tennessee Titans 23-16 in the Georgia Dome in Atlanta.