Five of Swords
Britannicus, son and heir apparent of Roman emperor Claudius, is believed to have been poisoned by Locusta at the behest of his cousin Nero.
This happened on the day before his fourteenth birthday.
National Foundation Day
Celebration of founding of Japan and the accession of its first Emperor, Emperor Jimmu .
Poet, artist and mystic William Blake at his brother Robert's death bed, sees his brother's spirit ascending heavenward clapping his hands for joy.
Inventor, photographer and polymath Henry Fox Talbot born in Melbury, Dorset, England.
Talbot created an early photographic process called calotype.
Inventor Thomas Alva Edison, The Wizard of Menlo Park, born in Milan, Ohio.
Peasant girl Bernadette Soubirous has a vision of the Blessed Virgin on this day at a grotto near Lourdes.
The grotto had been a shrine to the goddess Persephone in pre-Christian times.
Poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti buries his wife Elizabeth Siddal along with an unpublished manuscript of poems.
He later changes his mind and, in October 1869, has her disinterred to get the manuscript back.
He has them published in 1870.
Film director and screenwriter Joseph L. Mankiewicz (All About Eve) born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
Actress & socialite Eva Gabor (Green Acres) born in Budapest, Hungary.
II Winter Olympics open in St Mortiz, Switzerland.
British fashion designer Mary Quant born in London.
She was a leader in the 1960s London-based Mod fashion movement.
Rockabilly singer Gene Vincent born in Norfolk, Virginia.
Brazilian pianist and composer Sergio Mendes (Brasil 66) born in Niteroi, Brazil.
Russian director and screenwriter Sergei Eisenstein passes away and his body lay in state in the Hall of the Cinema Workers.
Poet Sylvia Plath, a suicide, in London, age 30.
She was found dead of carbon monoxide poisoning in the kitchen, with her head in the oven.
The Beatles begin recording for their first album, Please Please Me.
Singer-songwriter Whitney Houston found dead in the bath tub of her guest room at The Beverly Hilton, in Beverly Hills, California.