Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery at the tender age of 18.
William III and Mary II are proclaimed co-rulers of England.
Painter Grant Wood (American Gothic) born in Anamosa, Iowa.
Belgian author Georges Simenon born in Liège, Belgium.
Simenon is best known for his fictional detective Jules Maigret.
Controversial Nobel Prize-winning physicist William Shockley, whose work led to the miniaturisation of radio, TV and computer circuits, born in London, England.
Singer Tennessee Ernie Ford (Sixteen Tons) born in Bristol, Tennessee.
Supersonic pilot Chuck Yeager born in Myra, West Virginia.
Actress Kim Novak born in Chicago.
Tens of thousands of civilians were killed in the Allied firebombing of Dresden, Germany.
Actor and fell drinker, Oliver Reed (Oliver) born in London.
XV Winter Olympics open in Calgary, Canada.