Astronomer Nicholas Copernicus born in Torun, Poland.
The first rescuers party reach the Donner Party.
The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison.
Surrealist André Breton born in Tinchebray, France.
Actress Merle Oberon born in Tasmania, Australia.
Author Carson McCullers (The Heart is a Lonely Hunter) born in Columbus, Georgia.
American author, fashion designer and socialite C. Z. Guest born in Boston, Massachusetts.
Actor Lee Marvin (Cat Ballou) born in New York City.
Film director John Frankenheimer (Manchurian Canidate) born in Queens, New York.
Malcolm Lowry's novel Under the Volcano is published.
Poet Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation.
Paul Simon writes The Sounds of Silence.