Emperor Heraclius returns the True Cross, one of the holiest Christian relics, to Jerusalem.
Pocahontas, Algonquian princess, dies at age 21 in Gravesend, Kent, England.
She was on her way back to Virginia from England wheen she fell ill and died.
A fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans leaving the town in ruins.
President of Mexico Benito Juárez born in San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca, Mexico. In Mexico, his birthday is one of the five Patriotic Holidays (Fiestas Patrias).
Composer Modest Mussorgsky (Night on Bald Mountain) born in Karevo, Russian Empire.
Day the Millerites believed was the second coming of Christ.
Impresario Florenz Ziegfeld (Ziegfeld Follies) born in Chicago, Illinois.
Actor and Director Broncho Billy Anderson born in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Anderson was the first film cowboy star known as Brono Billy in over 140 silent shorts.
Blues musician Son House born in Riverton, Mississippi.
Poet Phyllis McGinley born in Ontario, Oregon.
French Film director Éric Rohmer (My Night at Maud's) born in Tulle, France.
Film director Russ Meyer (Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!) born in San Leandro, California.
Director Peter Brook (Marat/Sade) born in London, England.
Otis Spann born in Jackson, Mississippi.
Preacher and R&B singer Solomon Burke born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
French actress Françoise Dorléac (Billion Dollar Brain) born in Paris, France.
The first rock and roll concert takes place in Cleveland, Ohio when Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball.
The Beatles play the Cavern Club for the first time.
Alcatraz, a federal penitentiary on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes.
Kurt Vonnegut's novel Slaughterhouse-Five published.
United States boycotts the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet Afghan War.
The social media site Twitter is founded.