English King Richard I died from an arrow wound at Chaluz Castle.
The poet Petrarch first sees his muse, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.
French photographer, caricaturist, journalist, novelist, and balloonist Nadar (b. Gaspard-Félix Tournachon) born in Paris, France.
In 1858, he is the first person to take an aerial photograph.
Self-styled prophet Joseph Smith, Jr founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or Mormons, at Fayette Township, New York.
Confeserate General Albert Sidney Johnston receives a fatal wound during the battle of Shiloh.
Actor Walter Huston, father of director John Huston, born in Toronto, Canada.
Journalist and traveler,Lowell Thomas born in Woodington, Ohio.
Thomas was responsible for introducing the world to Lawrence of Arabia.
A. B. BanjoPaterson's song Waltzing Matilda was first sung in public, at a Winton, Queensland, hotel.
The first of the modern target=_blankSummer Olympics open in Athens, Greece.
Robert Peary became the first person credited with reaching the North Pole.
The United States declares war on Germany during World War I.
Jazz saxophonist Gerry Mulligan born in Queens, New York.
Consciousness guru and author Baba Ram Dass (b. Richard Alpert) born in Boston.
Musician Merle Haggard born Bakersfield, California.
Model, actress and muse to the Rolling Stones, Anita Pallenberg born in Rome.
The Kingsmen record Louie Louie.
The American League of Major League Baseball begins using the designated hitter.
The Swedish pop band ABBA wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 with the song Waterloo, launching their international career.