Gunpowder Plot conspirator Guy Fawkes born in Stonegate, England.
George Frideric Handel's oratorio Messiah makes its world-premiere in Dublin, Ireland.
Third President of the US & Polyamth, Thomas Jefferson born in Albemarle County, Virginia.
Merchant FW Woolworth, founder of Woolworth's, born in Rodman, New York.
Outlaw Butch Cassidy born in Beaver, Utah.
Irish dramatist Samuel Beckett (Waiting for Godot) born in Dublin, Ireland.
Writer Eudora Welty born in Jackson, Mississippi.
Eugene V. Debs is imprisoned in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, for speaking out against the draft during World War I.
Founder of American Atheists, Madalyn Murray O'Hair born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
American illustrator and publisher Jack T. Chick born in Boyle Heights, Los Angeles.
Irish poet and playwright, Seamus Heaney born in Castledawson, Northern Ireland.
Singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer, Lowell George (Little Feat) born in Hollywood, California.
Soul singer Al Green born in Forrest City, Arkansas.
American folk-rock singer James Taylor born in Boston.
CIA director Allen Dulles launches the mind-control program MKULTRA.
An oxygen tank explosion occurs in Apollo 13's Service Module, crippling the spacecraft and puting the crew in danger of their lives.
United States' first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar 1 launched.