Geoffrey Chaucer tells The Canterbury Tales for the first time in the court of Richard II.
A party of 29 pilgrims assembled at the Tabard Inn in Southwark, England, preparing to travel to the shrine of Thomas à Becket in Canterbury.
After supper, the host proposes that they enliven their journey by telling stories.
The following morning the tellers of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales begin their journey.
Whan that Aprill with his shoures soote The droghte of March hath perced to the roote, And bathed every veyne in swich licour Of which vertu engendred is the flour, Whan Zephirus eek with his sweete breeth Inspired hath in every holt and heeth The tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne Hath in the Ram his halve cours yronne, And smale foweles maken melodye, That slepen al the nyght with open ye (so priketh hem Nature in hir corages), Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages, And palmeres for to seken straunge strondes, To ferne halwes, kowthe in sondry londes; And specially from every shires ende Of Engelond to Caunterbury they wende, The hooly blisful martir for to seke, That hem hath holpen whan that they were seeke. ~ General Prologue to Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales.
President Domingo Faustino Sarmiento of Argentina makes it his misson to transform Argentina's wine industry.
This event is celebrated every year as Malbec World Day.
Hall of Famer Cap Anson born in Marshalltown, Iowa.
Danish author Isak Dinesen (Out of Africa), pen name of Karen Blixen born at Rungsted, Denmark.
In her later years, Blixen dressed sometimes as commedia dell'arte character Pierrot.
Opening of Lowell Astronomical Observatory in Arizona.
Ventriloquist Señor Wences born in Salamanca, Spain.
Writer and playwright, Thornton Wilder (Our Town) born in Madison, Wisconsin.
In 1962 Wilder spent twenty months in the town of Douglas, Arizona where he started his novel The Eighth Day
Director, and screenwriter Lindsay Anderson (O Lucky Man!) born in Bangalore, British India.
Writer Cynthia Ozick born in New York City.
Journalist and photographer Malcolm Browne born in New York City.
He won the Pulitzer prize for Photography for a photo of a Bhuddist monk who immolated himself on a Saigon street in protest of the government.
Poet Brendan Kennelly (The Book of Judas) born in Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland.
English author and screenwriter Nick Hornby (High Fidelity) born in Redhill, England.
Rock star Eddie Cochran sustained severe brain injuries in a car accident near Chippenham, Wiltshire and died shortly at hospital in Bath, England.
The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba begins.
Ford Mustang is introduced to the car buying republichood.