Writer Henry Fielding (The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling) born in Sharpham, Somerset, England.
Philosopher Immanuel Kant born Kalingrad, Germany.
French writer Madame de Staël (nee Germaine Necker) born in Paris.
In God We Trust is approved as the national motto.
Russian Soviet Marxist Leader Vladimir Lenin born in Simbirsk.
Writer James Norman Hall born in Colfax, Iowa.
Best-known for the novel Mutiny on the Bounty (1932), coauthored with Charles Nordhoff.
Photographer Laura Gilpin born in Austin Bluffs, Colorado.
She said, 'Design is the fundamental of everything.'
Writer Vladimir Nabokov (Lolita) born in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Father of the Atomic Bomb, Robert Oppenheimer born in New York.
Jazz great Charles Mingus born in Nogales, Arizona.
Pin-up girl Bettie Page born in Nashville, Tennessee.
Singer/guitarist Glen Campbell born in Delight, Arkansas.
Actor Jack Nicholson born in Neptune, New Jersey.
Poet Louise Glück born in New York.
Film director John Waters (Pink Flamingos) born in Baltimore, Maryland.
The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair opens for its first season.
The first Earth Day was initiated by Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson.
The Blues Brothers make their first appearance on Saturday Night Live.