King Edward II of England born in Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales.
English general and Lord Protector of Great Britain Oliver Cromwell born in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England.
Robinson Crusoe, by English author Daniel Defoe, published.
La Marseillaise (the French national anthem) is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person executed by Madame La Guillotine - Le Rasoir National.
Journalist Edward R. Murrow born in Greensboro, North Carolina.
American architect William Pereira (Transamerica Pyramid) born in Chicago, Illinois.
The Battle of Gallipoli begins during World War I when Australian, British, French and New Zealand troops begin landing at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles.
Today commemorated by Anzac Day.
Jazz vocalist Ella Fitzgerald born in newport News, Virginia.
Bluesman Albert King born in Indianola, Mississippi.
American painter Cy Twombly born in Lexington, Virginia.
American poet Ted Kooser Born in Ames, Iowa.
Fringe theorist and author Richard C. Hoagland born in Morristown, New Jersey.
Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid describing the double helix structure of DNA.