Philosopher and economist Adam Smith (Wealth of Nations) born in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
On this day in the so called The Year without Summer, Lord Byron would read an anthology of ghost stories called Fantasmagoriana
to his four house guests - Percy Shelley, Mary Shelley, Claire Clairmont, and John Polidori at the Villa Diodati.
This inspires him to challenge each guest to write a ghost story.
Mary Shelly will produce Frankenstein, John Polidori writes the short story The Vampyre, and Byron will compose the poem Darkness.
Apache warrior and leader Geronimo born near Turkey Creek, a tributary of the Gila River in New Mexico.
Film Comedian Stan Laurel born in Ulverston, England.
Leopold Bloom makes his odyssey around Dublin in James Joyce's Ulysses.
This is also the date of Joyce's first date with his future wife Nora Barnacle.
"Stately, plump Buck Mulligan came from the stairhead, bearing a bowl of lather on which a mirror and a razor lay crossed."
James Joyce - Ulysses
Photographer Irving Penn born in Plainfield, NJ.
Writer Joyce Carol Oates born in Lockport, New York.
Prime Minister Imre Nagy is executed for his part in the 1956 Hungarian Uprising.
Actor George Reeves the original Superman on TV dies under mysterious circumstances during a late night party at his home.
Alfred Hitchcock's movie Psycho premiers.
Ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects from the Soviet Union.
Soviet Space Vostok 6 Mission carries Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova who becomes the first woman in space.
San Francisco's Condor Club becomes the first topless bar in the United States.
Dancer Carol Doda steps onstage in a bottom-only swimsuit designed by Rudi Gernreich.
The Monterey Pop Festival begins.
The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars album by released by David Bowie.