Writer George Sand (nee Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin) born in Paris.
The Battle of Gettysburg begins.
Novelist James M. Cain (The Postman Always Rings Twice) born in Annapolis, Maryland.
Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
Actor and director Charles Laughton (The Private Life of Henry VIII) born in Scarborough, England.
Start of first Tour de France bicycle race.
III Summer Olympics open in St. Louis, Missouri.
<SOS is adopted as the international distress signal in Morse code.
Blues great Willie Dixon born in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
Battle of the Somme, one of the bloodiest battles in World War I, begins.
There were 19,000 soldiers of the British Army killed and 40,000 wounded on the first day.
Actress Olivia de Havilland (Gone with the Wind) born in Tokyo, Empire of Japan.
French actress and dancer Leslie Caron (An American in Paris
Blues singer-songwriter and harmonica player James Cotton born in Tunica, Mississippi.
Actress Karen Black (Five Easy Pieces) born in Park Ridge, Illinois.
The International Geophysical Year begins.
Diana, Princess of Wales born in Sandringham, England.
Introduction of the five-digit ZIP (Zone Instant Post) code.
Sony introduces the Walkman.