Holiday commemorating the formal adoption by the Second Continental Congress of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne ( The Scarlet Letter) born in Salem, Massachusetts.
Songwriter Stephen Foster (My Old Kentucky Home) born in Lawrenceville, Pennsylvania.
Samuel Francis Smith pens the lyrics for 'My Country, Tis of Thee' for July 4 festivities in Boston.
Henry David Thoreau moved into his cabin on Walden Pond.
The first edition of Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass was printed.
English mathematician Charles Lutwidge Dodgson tells a tale to little girl named Alice Lidell about a little girl named Alice who falls down a rabbit hole.
He later publishes the work as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.
Thirtyth President of the US, Calvin Coolidge born in Plymouth, Vermont.
Cartoonist Rube Goldberg born in San Francisco.
Famous for drawing inventions that make simple tasks outrageously difficult.
Buffalo Bill Cody puts on the first Wild West Show in North Platte, Nebraska.
Statue of Liberty presented to United States in Paris.
Judge Sanford B. Dole declared Hawaii a republic.
Jack Johnson beats the heavyweight champion of the world, Jim Jeffries (The Great White Hope).
Blues pianist and singer Champion Jack Dupree born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Businesswoman Leona Helmsley born in Marbletown, New York.
Her over the top behaviour earned her the nickname 'The Queen of Mean'.
Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon (The Odd Couple)born in the Bronx, New York.
James Joyce married Nora Barnacle in London after living together for 26 years.
Singer/songwriter Bill Withers (Ain't No Sunshine) born in Slab Fork, West Virginia.
Radio Free Europe begins broadcasting.
New York Yankee Lou Gehrig retires from baseball with his emotional Luckiest Man speech.