Roman general, statesman and dictator Gaius Julius Caesar born in Rome.
He was assassinated on 15 March 44 BCE.
The Nuremberg Chronicle by Hartmann Schedel is published.
King Henry VIII of England marries Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
She was the last of his six wives.
The Bishop of Yucatán, Father Diego de Landa, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
Essayist and author Henry David Thoreau (Walden) born in Concord, Massachusetts.
Inventor of the Kodak camera George Eastman born in Waterville, New York.
Yellow fever epidemic begins in New Orleans, eventually leading to the deaths of 4,500 people.
Film director Todd Browning (Dracula) born in Louisville, Kentucky.
Worked extensively in carnivals and sideshows and in vaudeville as an actor, magician and dancer before becoming a Hollywood director.
Italian painter Amedeo Modigliani born in Livorno, Italy.
Author and painter Bruno Schulz born (The Street of Crocodiles) born in Drohobych, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria.
Inventor, polymath R Buckminster Fuller born in Milton, Massachusetts.
American lyricist, librettist Oscar Hammerstein II (Oklahoma!) born in New York City.
Chilean poet Pablo Neruda born in Parral, Chile.
TV funnyman Milton Berle born in New York.
American painter Andrew Wyeth born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania.
The Rolling Stones debut at London's Marquee Club.
The Australian Aboriginal Flag flies for the first time.