Four of Swords

19   61

Yesterday Almanac Tomorrow

The First Battle of Bull Run occurs at Manassas Junction, Virginia.
It is the first major battle in the American Civil War.

In Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots Davis Tutt dead in what is regarded as the first quick-draw duel.

At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger gang pull off the first successful train robbery by robbing the Chicago and Rock Island express.


Writer Ernest Hemingway (The Old Man and the Sea) born in Oak Park, Illinois.

Poet Hart Crane (The Bridge) born in Garrettsville, Ohio.

Writer Marshall McLuhan (Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man) born in Edmonton, Canada.

Comic actor Don Knotts (Deputy Barney Fife in the 1960s TV series The Andy Griffith Show) born in Morgantown, West Virginia.

Writer John Gardner (The Sunlight Dialogues) born in Batavia, New York.

Cartoonist Garry Trudeau (Doonesbury) born in New York.

This Day at the New Yorker

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