Nat Turner leads 60 fellow slaves in a rebellion in Virginia.
Lawrence Massacre begins in Lawrence, Kansas by Confederate guerrillas known as Quantrill's Raiders.
British illustrator Aubrey Beardsley born in Brighton, England.
Jazz great William Count Basie born in Red Bank, New Jersey.
Animator Friz Freleng born in Kansas city, Missouri.
Vicenzo Peruggia, a Louvre employee, steals the Mona Lisa by cutting it from its frame.
Jazz trumpet player Art Farmer born in Council Bluffs, Iowa.
Poet X. J. Kennedy born in Dover, New Jersey.
Film director Frank Perry (The Swimmer) born in New York City.
NBA great Wilt Chamberlain born in Philadelphia.
Robert Stone (Dog Soldiers) born in Brooklyn, New York.
Film director Peter Weir (The Year of Living Dangerously) born in Sydney, Australia.
Musician Joe Strummer (The Clash) born in Ankara, Turkey.
Hawaii becomes the 50th state.
Philippine Opposition leader Benigno Aquino is assassinated as he leaves his plane on his return from exile.