Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope.
Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana to found New Orleans.
Fur trapper Hugh Glass is mauled by a grizzly bear in South Dakota and left for dead by his companions.
He will stagger to safety 200 miles to Fort Kiowa.
Author Bret Harte (Outcasts of Poker Flat) born in Albany, New York.
King Ludwig II of Bavaria born in Nymphenburg Palace in Munich, Germany.
Painter, sculptor and poet Dorothea Tanning born in Galesburg, Illinois.
Cartoonist Walt Kelly (Pogo) born in Philadelphia.
Conducter/composer Leonard Bernstein born in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
Alabama Governor George Wallace born in Clio, Alabama.
Graf Zeppelin passes over San Francisco after trans-Pacific voyage.
Actor Sean Connery (James Bond) born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Poet Charles Wright born in Pickwick Dam, Tennessee.
He served at the 50th Poet Laureate of the United States.
Paris liberated from Nazi occupation.
Baptist missionary and U.S. army intelligence specialist John Birch is killed by Chinese Communists.
Some consider this to be the first American casualty in the struggle against communism.
Robert H. Welch, Jr. forms the John Birch Society in his honor in 1958.
Writer Martin Amis (London Fields) born in Oxford, England.
Rocker Elvis Costello born in London, England.
Director Tim Burton (Pee-wees Big Adventure) born in Burbank, California.
XVII Summer Olympics open in Rome.
Beatles movie Help! opens in New York City.
Founder of the American Nazi Party, George Lincoln Rockwell, is killed while leaving a laundromat in Arlington, Virginia.