Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pieta.
Balloonist Joseph Montgolfier born in Annonay, France.
Captain James Cook departs England on board the HMS Endeavour on a voyage of discovery.
The French Assembly passes the Declaration of the Rights of Man.
Inventor Lee DeForest born in Council Bluffs, Iowa.
Invented Audion, a vacuum tube that takes relatively weak electrical signals and amplifies them and generate oscillations, making it possible to transmit sound over wireless communication systems.
He is considered the the father of American radio..
Poet and critic Guillaume Apollinaire born in Rome.
Krakatoa, an Indonesian volcano, begins erupting.
Bohemian socialite and art collector Peggy Guggenheim born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Writer Christopher Isherwood (The Berlin Stories) born in High Lane, England.
The 19th amendment to United States Constitution giving women the right to vote, takes effect.
Singer-songwriter and guitarist Leon Redbone (On the Track) born in Cyprus.
Jazzman Branford Marsalis born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Purple Haze by The Jimi Hendrix Experience is released.
The Democratic Convention in Chicago begins.
XX Summer Olympics open in Munich, Germany.
Pope John Paul I is elected 263th Roman Catholic pope.