Tsar Peter the Great of Russia imposes a tax on beards with the exception of the clergy and peasants in an attempt to westernize the nobility.
The French National Convention at the behest Reign of Terror begins during the French Revolution.
Outlaw Jesse James born in Centerville, Missouri (later renamed Kearney).
Sioux leader Crazy Horse was killed by a soldier in prison while he was supposedly offering resistance.
Journalist and author Arthur Koestler (Darkness at Noon) born in Budapest, Hungary.
Blues pianist Sunnyland Slim born in Vance, Mississippi.
Modern American composer John Cage born in Los Angeles.
Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle attends a party in San Francisco which ends with the death of the young actress Virginia Rappe.
Comedian Bob Newhart (Bob Newhart Show) born Oak Park, Illinois.
Film director Werner Herzog (Fitzcaraldo) born in Munich, Germany.
The Cold War begins with the defection of Igor Gouzenko, a Soviet Union embassy clerk, defects to Canada and exposes Soviet espionage in North America.
Queen singer Freddie Mercury (Bohemian Rhapsody) born in Stone Town, Sultanate of Zanzibar.
Jack Kerouac's On the Road was first published.
Arab guerrillas attacked the Israeli delegation at the Munich Olympic games.
Eleven members of the Israeli Olympic team, five guerrillas, and a police officer were killed in the siege.
Lyentte Squeaky Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, attempted to kill President Gerald Ford in Sacramento, CA.