French classical author François La Rochefoucauld born in Paris, France.
American novelist James Fenimore Cooper (Last of the Mohicans) born in Burlington, New Jersey.
Naturalist Charles Darwin reaches the Galápagos Islands aboard the HMS Beagle.
Twenty-seventh President of the US, William Howard Taft born in Cincinatti, Ohio.
Jumbo, the first live African elephant brought to Europe, was killed in a railway accident while on tour at St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada.
Humorist Robert Benchley born in Worcester, Massachusetts.
Writer Agatha Christie (Then There Were None) born in Torquay, Devon, England.
Director Jean Renoir (Grand Illusion) born in Paris, France.
Actress Fay Wray (King Kong) born in Cardston, Alberta, Canada.
The first of the Jeeves and Bertie Wooster stories by P. G. Wodehouse (Extricating Young Gussie) is published by the Saturday Evening Post.
Jazz saxophonist Cannonball Adderley born in Tampa Florida.
The scene in the movie The 7 Year Itch where Marilyn Monroe's skirt is blown up by the wind from a subway grate is shot in NYC.
USA Today goes on sale for the first time.
XXVII Summer Olympics open in Sydney, Australia.