Classical Roman poet Virgil (Æneid) born in the village of Andes, Italy.
Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome.
He is inspired to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Etienne Montgolfier became first human to lift off from Earth when he piloted the Montgolfier brothers hot air balloon.
Napoleon Bonaparte begins his exile on the remote island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Röcken, Germany.
First Heavy-weight boxing champion, John L. Sullivan born in Boston.
11 years old Grace Bedell writes a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln stating that he would look better if he would grow a beard.
Humorist P. G. Wodehouse born in Guildford, Surrey, England.
He is best known for the Jeeves and Blandings Castle novels and short stories.
Detective novelist S. S. Van Dine (pseudonym used by American art critic Willard Huntington Wright) born in Charlottesville, Virginia.
The From Hell letter sent by Jack the Ripper is received by investigators.
Radio and TV broadcast reporter Robert Trout born in Washington, D.C.
Dutch spy H21, aka Mata Hari, is executed in Paris by a 12-man firing squad at the Château Vincennes near Paris after admitting to having given information to a German officer.
Rumour has it that during the execution, the squad members had to be blindfolded so as not to succumb to her charms.
Another rumour claims she blew a kiss to her killers before the firing began.
She told the firing squad to aim for her face, not her heart.
Writer Mario Puzo (The Godfather) born in New York City.
Writer Italo Calvino born in Santiago de Las Vegas, Cuba.
French philosopher Michel Foucault born in Poitiers, France.
I Love Lucy premiers on CBS-TV.
The Untouchables premiers on ABC TV.
Robert Crumb's Fritz the Cat comic strip premiers.
Lee Harvey Oswald gets a job in the Texas School Book Depository.