Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick published.
Buddhist philosopher D.T. Suzuki born in a place that no longer exists (although a tree with a rock at its base marks the location).
American journalist Abbott Joseph (A. J.) Liebling born in New York City.
Rock & Roll legend Chuck Berry born in St Louis.
Actor Klaus Kinski(Fitzcaraldo) born in the Free City of Danzig.
Actor George C. Scott (Patton) born in Wise, Virginia.
Actress Inger Stevens born in Stockholm, Sweden.
JFK assassin Lee Harvey Oswald born in Slidell, Louisiana.
Humphrey Bogart movie The Maltese Falcon is released.
Atomic spy Klaus Fuchs turns over plutonium bomb plans to the Soviet Union.
Singer-songwriter Laura Nyro (Stoned Soul Picnic) born in the Bronx, New York.
Texas Instruments introduced the first transistor radio.
Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat, becomes the first cat in space aboard a V2 rocket.
Bob Beamon wins Olympic gold medal in the Mexico City Summer Games with a long jump of 29 feet 2.5 inches which betters the world record by over 21 inches.