The Turkish army lays waste to the People's Crusade.
Poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge (The Rime of the Ancient Mariner) born in Ottery St Mary, Devonshire, England.
A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson defeats the French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain in the Battle of Trafalgar.
Lord Nelson is shot and killed during the battle.
Founder of the Nobel Prize and the inventor of dynamite, Alfred Nobel born in Stockholm, Sweden.
The Can-Can performed for the first time in Paris.
Thomas Edison perfected the incandescent light.
Jazz musician Dizzy Gillespie born in Cheraw, South Carolina.
George Melford's silent film, The Sheik, starring Rudolph Valentino, premiers.
Writer Ursula K. Le Guin ( born in Berkeley, California.
Ernest Hemingway's novel For Whom the Bell Tolls is published.
Journalist and author Frances FitzGerald (Fire in the Lake) born in New York City.
The Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens.
Beat writer and poet Jack Kerouac (On the Road) dies in St Petersburg, Florida at age 47 due to complications from a lifetime of heavy drinking.