Theologian, priest, author, composer, Augustinian monk and leader of the Protestant Reformation Martin Luther born in Eisleben, County of Mansfeld, Holy Roman Empire.
Poet Jacob Cats born in Brouwershaven, Netherlands.
He is best known for creating emblem books.
Painter and illustrator William Hogarth born in London.
Author, poet, and playwright Oliver Goldsmith (The Vicar of Wakefield) born in either Ballymahon, County Longford, Kingdom of Ireland, or Elphin, County Roscommon, Kingdom of Ireland.
Poet and playwright Friedrich Schiller born in Marbach am Neckar, Germany.
A Goddess of Reason is proclaimed by the French Convention.
Henry Morton Stanley locates David Livingstone near Ujiji in central Africa.
Stanley famously greeted him with the words, Dr. Livingstone, I presume?.
American poet Vachel Lindsay (Abraham Lincoln Walks at Night) born in Springfield, Illinois.
Character actor Claude Rains (The Invisible Man)born in London, England.
He is best known for playing cultured villains.
Author John P. Marquand (Mr Moto) born in Wilmington, Delaware.
Poet Karl Shapiro born in New York City.
He was named fifth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1946.
Hachikõ, a famous Japanese Akita dog, born in Õdate, Japan.
He is remembered for his remarkable loyalty to his owner Hidesaburō Ueno.
Hachikõ would dutifully wait every evening at the train station for his owner to return from work.
This continued for over nine years following Ueno's death.
Welsh actor Richard Burton (Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolfe) born in Pontrhydyfen, Wales.
Film composer, and conductor Ennio Morricone (The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly) born in Rome, Italy.
The freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members.
Germans gather at the Berlin Wall and start to demolish it.
Death of novelist and merry prankster Ken Kesey (Sometimes a Great Notion) in Eugene, Oregon.