King William III born in Binnenhof, The Hague, Dutch Republic.
Impressionist artist Claude Monet born in Paris.
Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick published in the United Staes.
Journalist Nellie Bly begins a successful attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days.
She completes the trip in 72 days.
American composer Aaron Copland born in Brooklyn, New York.
Silent screen star, dancer, courtesan and memoirist - Louise Brooks born in Cherryvale, Kansas.
Noted for popularizing the bobbed style haircut and 1920's flapper icon.
New Yorker Cartoonist and author William Steig born in New York City.
He wrote and illustrated the children's book Shrek!.
Author Astrid Lindgren (Pipi Longstocking) born in Vimmerby, Sweden.
Wisconsin Senator Joe Tailgunner Joe McCarthy born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin.
It is he who the term McCarthyism derives.
Short story writer Saki was killed by a German sniper while was sheltering in a shell crater near Beaumont-Hamel, France, during the Battle of the Ancre.
His last words were reportedly "Put that bloody cigarette out!"
Satirist and journalist P. J. O'Rourke (Parliament of Whores) born in Toledo, Ohio.
NASA launches Apollo 12, the second mission to the surface of the Moon.