King Charles I of England born Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Scotland.
French prisoner Man in the Iron Mask dies after 34 years of captivity.
Twentieth President of the US, James Garfield born in Orange Township, Ohio.
Julia Ward Howe writes The Battle Hymn of the Republic.
During the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery, president Abraham Lincoln gives his famous Gettysburg Address four months after the battle.
Character actor Clifton Webb (Laura) born in Indianapolis, Indiana.
Poet Allen Tate born in Winchester, Kentucky.
He was the 2nd Poet Laureate from 1943 to 1944 and the winner of the Bollingen Prize for Poetry in 1957.
Labor organizer, folk-poet Joe Hill killed by firing squad in Utah.
Actress Gene Tierney (Laura) born in Brooklyn.
Talk show host and personality Dick Cavett (The Dick Cavett Show) born in Gibbon, Nebraska.
Polish author and painter Bruno Schultz (The Street of Crocodiles) shot in the back of the head by a German SS officer on a street of the Drohobycz ghetto.
Poet Sharon Oldsborn in San Francisco, California.
The National Review publishes its first issue.