Philosopher and scholar Baruch Spinoza born in The Hague.
Explorer for the Dutch East India Company Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen's Land which will later be called Tasmania.
Author Laurence Sterne (Tristram Shandy) born in Clonmel, Ireland.
Twelfth President of the US, Zachary Taylor born in Orange County, Virginia.
The French revolutionary calendar becomes operative.
French painter Henri Toulouse-Lautrec born in Albi, France.
American composer Scott Joplin born near Linden, Texas.
The novel Black Beauty by Anna Sewell is published.
This wwill be Miss Sewell's first and only novel
She will die 5 months after publication from tuberculosis.
Conservative author and publisher of the National Review William F. Buckley born in New York.
Wharhol Superstar Candy Darling (Flesh) born Forest Hills, Queens, New York.
Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species, the anniversary of which is sometimes called Evolution Day.
Lee Harvey Oswald killed in the Dallas County jail by Jack Ruby.
First live murder on TV.
Hijacker D.B. Cooper parachutes from a Northwest Airlines 727 over Washington State with $200,000 in ransom.