Author Jonathan Swift (Gulliver's Travels) born in Dublin, Ireland.
Painter William-Adolphe Bouguereau born in La Rochelle, France.
Author Mark Twain, the pen name of Samuel L. Clemens, (Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri.
British statesman Winston Churchill born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England.
Historian Jacques Barzun born in Créteil, France.
Blues singer and guitarist Robert Nighthawk born in Helena, Arkansas.
Film director/writer, photographer Gordon Parks born in Fort Scott, Kansas.
Blues performer Brownie McGhee born in Knoxville, Tennesse.
Shirley Chisholm born in Brooklyn, New York.
She was the first African American woman elected to the United States Congress.
The first major-party black candidate for President of the United States.
The first woman to run for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination.
TV's Dick Clark born in Mount Vernon, New York.
Watergate bungular, lawyer and radio host G. Gordon Liddy born in Brooklyn, New York.
Yippie activist Abbie Hoffman born in Worcester, Massachusetts.
The Crystal Palace, originally built to house the Great Exhibition of 1851, is destroyed by fire in Hyde park, London.
Director Ridley Scott (Blade Runner) born in South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England.
Lucille Ball marries Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.
Film director Terrence Malick (Badlands) born in Ottawa, Illinois.
The Wall, a rock opera and concept album by Pink Floyd is released.
Michael Jackson releases his sixth solo album - Thriller.