Napoleon crowns himself Emperor of France in Notre Dame Cathedral by placing the crown of Charlemagne on his own head.
The Second French Empire is established with Louis Napoleon as emperor Napoleon III.
Abolitionist John Brown hanged for his occupation the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
French painter Georges Seurat (Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte) born in Paris.
Charles Dickens gave the first reading of his final American tour.
German expressionist Otto Dix born in Unternhaus, Germany.
Soprano Maria Callas born in New York City.
The Ford Motor Company introduces the Ford Model A automobile.
This model replaces the 19 year run of the Ford Model T.
Physicist Enrico Fermi and his team conducted the first nuclear reaction under the grand stands of Stagg field at the University of Chicago.
A bronze sculpture by Henry Moore called Nuclear Energy commemorates the spot.
Author T. Coraghessan Boyle (The Road to Wellville) born in Peekskill, New York.
The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy for conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute.
The yacht Granma reaches the shores of Cuba after leaving Veracruz, Mexico.
Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembark to initiate the Cuban Revolution.
Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.