Four of Cups
First observation of a transit of Venus was made.
Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek.
This will later become the city of Chicago.
Scottish historian/essayist Thomas Carlyle (History of the French Revolution) born in Ecclefechan, Scotland.
The abandoned American ship Mary Celeste is found by the British brig Dei Gratia.
Austrian poet Rainer Maria Rilke born in Prague.
Actor Jeff Bridges (The Big Lebowski) born in Los Angeles.
The Million Dollar Quartet (Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash) get together for an impromptu recording session at Sun Studio.
American Catholics hear the mass for the first time in English.
Someone stupid with a flare gun burns the Montreaux Casino to the ground during a show by Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention.
At least that's how Deep Purple put it in their song Smoke on the Water.
English rock group Led Zeppelin disbands.
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