France adopts the metre as its official unit of length.
Mathematician and first computer programmer Ada Lovelace born in London.
She was the daughter of poet Lord Byron
Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.
Poet Emily Dickinson born in Amherst, Massachusetts.
Birthday of but a single pang
That there are less to come —
Afflictive is the Adjective
But affluent the doom —
Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is first published in Great Britain.
It would not be published in the United States until February of 1885
Alfred Jarry's play Ubu Roi opens and closes in Paris.
O Henry's The Gift of the Magi was first published in the New York World.
President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first American to win the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating an end to the Russo-Japanese War.
King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth, and Emperor of India, Edward VIII abdicates the throne in order to marry American socialite Wallis Simpson.
Mighty Mouse Playhouse premiers on CBS.
The Warlocks become The Grateful Dead.
Singer Otis Redding (Dock of Bay) dies in plane crash near Madison, Wisconsin.
Trappist monk, writer, poet Thomas Merton (The Seven Story Mountain) accidentally electrocuted when he touched a fan as he stepped from his bath in Bangkok, Thailand.