The first of the O Antiphons used at Vespers during the last seven days of Advent.
The consecration of the Temple of Saturn in the Roman forum and the first Saturnalia festival was celebrated in ancient Rome.
Discovery of the Aztec calendar stone.
It had been buried in the central square of Mexico City shortly after the conquest of Mexico by the Spanish.
It was rediscovered during repairs on the Mexico City Cathedral.
Poet John Greenleaf Whittier born in Haverhill, Massachusetts.
Writer Ford Madox Ford (The Good Soldier) born in Merton, England.
Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite premiered.
First issue of Vogue magazine is published.
Orville and Wilbur Wright flew the world's first powered heavier-than-air machine on the dunes of a North Carolina beach at Kitty Hawk.
Writer Erskine Caldwell (God's Little Acre) born in Moreland, Georgia.
Painter and illustrator Paul Cadmus born in Manhattan, New York
Poet and author Penelope Fitzgerald born in Lincoln, England.
Pope Francis born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
John Kennedy Toole(The Confederacy of Dunces) born in Biloxi, Mississippi.
Band leader and harmonica player Paul Butterfield born in Chicago, Illinois.
Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt disappears as he was swimming at remote Cheviot Beach in Victoria, Australia.
Bartholomew J. Simpson's birthday.
The Simpsons first premiered on television with the episode, Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire.