Nine of Pentacles
The fourth of the O Antiphons used at Vespers during the last seven days of Advent.
King Richard I of England is captured and imprisoned while on his way home to England from the Third Crusade.
Napoleon Bonaparte monopolizes the tobacco industry in France.
South Carolina becomes the first U.S. state to secede from the Union.
Actress Irene Dunne born in Louisville, Kentucky.
She was known as the best actress never to win an Academy Award.
She was nominated five times for Best Actress.
George Roy Hill, director, producer, and screenwriter, (The World of Henry Orient) born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
The Christmas film It's a Wonderful Life is first released in New York City.
Poet Andrei Codrescu born in the Carpathian Mountains of Romania.
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